State treasurer Kopp opposes O’Malley’s $100M cut in Md. pension contribution

State treasurer Kopp opposes O’Malley’s $100M cut in Md. pension contribution

Dean Kenderdine

By Len Lazarick

Md. Treasurer Nancy Kopp at her 2011 swearing in with Gov. Martin O'Malley.

Md. Treasurer Nancy Kopp at her 2011 swearing in with Gov. Martin O’Malley. (Photo by Jay Baker, Executive Office of the Governor)

State Treasurer Nancy Kopp told lawmakers Thursday that she opposed Gov. Martin O’Malley’s proposed $100 million cut in the pension contribution, and said it would undermine trust by the state’s bond rating agencies.

“I think this is a very difficult thing to defend with the rating agencies,” Kopp told the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Public Safety and Administration.

Kopp was testifying as chairman of the State Retirement and Pension System Board of Trustees. As treasurer, she is also the top state official that handles Maryland’s bond issues and deals with the three New York firms that rate them.

In 2011, the legislature and governor made major reforms in pensions for state employees and teachers that included higher contributions and lower benefits. At that time, the state promised in law to set aside $300 million from those savings to beef up Maryland’s chronically underfunded pension fund.

O’Malley has proposed permanently reducing that to $200 million, but the legislature must agree to change the law.

“We set out a plan, and we were going to stick with that plan,” said Kopp, who served on the special commission that had recommended the changes.

Unions for state employees and public school teachers are actively opposing O’Malley’s proposal.

A matter of trust for rating agencies


Dean Kenderdine

Dean Kenderdine

“It’s a question of trust, in all candor…. We trusted $300 million, and now we’re told to trust $200 million,” Kopp said.

“Making such reforms and remaining faithful to them is of great importance to the rating agencies,” Dean Kenderdine, executive director of the retirement agency, told the committee in written testimony emphasizing Kopp’s position. “It is fair to expect that any further reneging on the state’s reform plan will be dimly viewed.”

Maryland has been able to maintain its triple-A bond rating for five decades, but the rating agencies persistently point out that its pension system is currently covered for only 65% of promised benefits, a lower figure than the handful of other states with triple-A ratings. One rating agency, in fact, uses a different expected rate of investment return to calculate liabilities and says Maryland has even higher pension liabilities than reported.

The State Retirement Agency assures retirees that there’s plenty of money to cover current pension payments to 138,000 retirees, who were paid almost $3 billion in fiscal 2013.

Goldstein Treasury Building in Annapoli

Goldstein Treasury Building in Annapolis

Unfunded liabilities means the amount of money the state would owe all the plan participants — an additional 192,000 active participants — if the state went bankrupt.

Pension fund under-performs compared to peers

An essential component of the pension fund is the return on its $40 billion investment portfolio, which contributes more money than either the state or its employees to the pension fund.

At the same hearing Thursday on the budget for the retirement agency, legislative analyst Michael Rubinstein asked the agency to defend its poor performance compared to other states.

“The system’s investments returned 10.6% in fiscal 2013, which exceeded both the actuarial funding target and its own plan benchmark,” said Rubinstein’s report. “However, the fund performed poorly in comparison to other large public pension plans.”

“The fund’s movement away from public equity at a time when it is performing well continues to place it at a disadvantage relative to the performance of its peers, whose allocations to public equity tend to be greater,” Rubinstein said.

SRA Chief Investment Officer Melissa Moye defended the plan’s diversification, saying it was designed to reduce volatility — the up and down swings in the stock market. The Maryland fund has a lower percentage of its investments in stocks than some other pension systems, and stocks have been performing well recently.

Critic pushes for more stock index funds

Jeff Hooke

Jeff Hooke

“During periods of very strong stock returns, the system’s performance will likely lag more aggressive funds,” Kenderdine’s testimony said. “Conversely, the system would likely outperform those funds during time periods when public equity does not perform well.”

Investment banker Jeff Hooke, a persistent critic of the system’s investment strategy, told the legislators that the Maryland underperformance by 1.8% compared to funds comparable in size cost the system $720 million in earnings last year, and $3.5 billion over the last 10 years.

As he has in the past, Hooke again recommended that the system stop paying Wall Street managers $275 million in fees for active management, hedge funds and private equity by using stock index funds.

“Pension fund trustees and staff are no doubt trying to beat the averages, but their tactics aren’t working,” Hooke said.

“We do index a lot in the portfolio,” Moye responded, with 65% of U.S. stock holdings matching a broad portfolio of stocks.

“Indexing is not a panacea,” Moye said. “We’re actually big believers in indexing, but we don’t believe it is the only thing that should be done.”

This article and others on Maryland’s pension system have been supported with a grant from the Abell Foundation.

Here are some recent related stories about Maryland’s pension system.


About The Author

Len Lazarick

Len Lazarick was the founding editor and publisher of and is currently the president of its nonprofit corporation and chairman of its board He was formerly the State House bureau chief of the daily Baltimore Examiner from its start in April 2006 to its demise in February 2009. He was a copy editor on the national desk of the Washington Post for eight years before that, and has spent decades covering Maryland politics and government.


  1. abby_adams

    I find it mildly amusing that Ms. Kopp would be so concerned abt our state’s bond rating since she has rubberstamped every request by the O’Malley admin to increase our debt. Yet we hear little in MSM abt the upcoming problems with said debt. But all that should be overlooked as he begins his run for POTUS.

  2. md observer

    The problem is deeper than the article indicates.

    The 90-day report from last year’s session specifies $87.1 million in general funds that should have been transferred to the pension account were instead to be transferred to a Dedicated Purpose Account “to provide funds to support critical programs impacted by federal sequestration.” Any unused funds remaining in the DPA on January 1, 2014, were to be transferred to the pension system.

    However, the funds were never transferred to the DPA and were never used to offset federal sequestration. Instead, the Governor held the funds in reserve and has applied them to the fiscal 2014 budget.

    In other words, Mr. O’Malley got permission last year to use part or all of $87.1 million earmarked for pensions, exclusively for adverse effects on the budget from the Federal sequestration. And now, he merely transfers all this money into the general fund without any of the required accounting.

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