You probably know about VAT. VAT stands to represent Value Added Tax. Every purchase you make of a product or service as a customer will incur VAT. VAT can be confusing for a business owner. But it is essential to understand VAT and how it is charged in the UK. The VAT rate in the UK is 20% for all goods and services that we purchase as consumers, or sell as businesses. But how does this work? It is necessary. Do you think there are any situations where it is inappropriate to charge VAT? To help you understand VAT, we have created this guide.
What Is VAT?
VAT is a consumption fee that applies to services and goods that are traded both internally and internationally. Each country’s government determines the amount of VAT to be charged on goods or services they consume. VAT applies to all stages in the supply chain, starting with the purchase of raw materials and ending up at retail sales.
VAT On Goods And Services In The EU
VAT is a destination tax. This means VAT is charged in that country, i.e. where the final consumer uses this product/service. In contrast to imposing VAT in the country from which the goods (or parts thereof), on most purchases and sales made by EU-based manufacturers, VAT is charged. All sales and purchases within the EU are subject to VAT. While the EU has standard VAT rules in place, they may differ from one country to another. Most often VAT on selling services to EU is charged at every stage of the supply chain, from the beginning to the end. This applies from the beginning to the last step of a production cycle, e.g. includes the purchase of components, transport, assembly, and packaging. Insurance is also included.
Why Do We Need VAT?
Just like all other taxes, VAT is meant to generate revenue. Taxes are used to pay for healthcare and education as well as transportation, as well as National Debt Interest, and defense. You can view the latest breakdown of government spending here. The UK’s largest source of income is made up of VAT on goods, services, and corporation tax.
When Should I Register For VAT?
You don’t have to register for VAT if you earn less than PS85, 000 annually. SMEs and sole traders may find it more trouble than it solves. Registering for VAT could complicate your bookkeeping and accounting. This rule is not universal. However, there are exceptions. If you sell primarily in goods with 0% VAT, such as books or baby supplies, it is a good idea for your business to be VAT registered. This will allow you to claim VAT on your business expenses, but not charge your customers VAT.
UK VAT Rules
VAT rules in the United Kingdom charge VAT on all goods and services sold within the UK or the EU. When a business brings goods into the UK, VAT is charged. The UK VAT rate is zero for goods that are exported to non-EU countries or EU businesses by UK-based businesses. Services are subject to the “place of supply” rules, which determine the country that you will need to invoice and account for VAT.
VAT On Digital Services In The EU
UK traders can no longer participate in VAT Mini One Stop Shop. This option is offered in the EU by tax authorities. Businesses can create one VAT MOSS return which details all EU VAT that was charged to them for the quarter. Eligible companies then pay the VAT they owe to their tax authority. EU VAT is due for all digital services that you sell abroad to EU consumers. You must register for VAT in the destination nation. HMRC requires that all businesses selling digital services within the EU must register an account.