By Bryan Renbaum
Republican senators tried to put the brakes on a series of Democrat-sponsored mandated spending bills, dubbed the “Wow” bills by Senate President Mike Miller, designed to improve educational and quality of life prospects for Baltimore City residents on Tuesday.
The four bills passed for a final vote despite several failed Republican amendments that would have given Gov. Larry Hogan greater control over how those projects would be funded as opposed to establishing annual spending mandates.
The most debated proposal would establish a grant program for local education and nonprofit agencies to create a $10 million summer education programs for children in low-income areas, which was sponsored by Sen. Bill Ferguson, D-Baltimore City.
Ferguson also introduced, SB559, the Department of Housing and Community Development-Strategic Demolition and Smart Growth Impact Fund-Establishment, which would provide grants and loans to revitalization projects and commence demolition of uninhabitable dwellings in priority funding areas. This $20 million program was Hogan’s initiative and part of a supplemental budget, but the bill mandates the program continue for five years.
Ferguson referenced the unrest that followed in the wake of Freddie Gray’s death last spring as the impetus for introducing the two bills and suggested that addressing structural and systemic inequalities could help prevent a repetition of those events.
Angry Baltimore youth
“There was one thing that struck me, and it was the unbelievable anger,” Ferguson said. “There were twelve year old kids riding bikes up and down the street in front of the police department screaming at police officers, screaming about the pain that they were feeling in their schools and their communities, and for them it was the police officers who were standing duty that represented that injustice that they perceived.”
Sen. Catherine Pugh, D-Baltimore City, a mayoral candidate, introduced SB1171, which would require each branch of the Enoch Pratt Library to remain open seven days a week for twelve hours. Pugh also introduced SB1172 to provide $10 million a year grants and loans to community development projects in impoverished areas.
Pugh also spoke in support of Ferguson’s summer education bill and shared his concerns about Baltimore City and other impoverished areas of the state.
“Let us remind you that this is about the state of Maryland, this happens to be the richest state in the country and yet we still have areas in our state where children have to qualify for free or reduced lunches and so we ought to ask ourselves as legislators, how do we equalize opportunity and wealth in this state,” Pugh asked.
The Republicans’ biggest objections centered on mandated spending, not the specific spending in the bills, which was already set aside in the fiscal 2017 budget.
Republican amendments rejected
Republican senators pushed for Democrats to make their bills optional expenditures.
Sen. Edward Reilly R-Anne Arundel, introduced an unsuccessful amendment to Pugh’s Enoch Pratt Library hour/day extension bill that would eliminate the mandate.
“When the governor has his hands tied behind his back, he can’t be flexible when a crises arises, when an opportunity arises,” Reilly said. “Eighty-three percent of our operating budget is mandated, as these bills move forward, the percentage will increase, taking the authority of the governor to respond to our needs as citizens in the city.”
He wasn’t alone. Sen. Wayne Norman, R-Cecil and Harford, said he supported the idea behind Ferguson’s summer education proposal but not the mandate, and proposed an amendment striking that provision. Similarly, Senate Minority Whip Stephen Hershey Jr., R-Upper Shore, introduced an anti-mandate amendment to Ferguson’s demolition and revitalization bill. Sen. Michael Hough, R-Frederick, introduced an amendment to Pugh’s community development bill that would have also removed mandated funding provisions.
Cassilly angers Conway
Sen. Bob Cassilly, R-Harford County spoke in support of the amendment to Ferguson’s summer education program proposal. He said he was “wowed” by the absence of fiscal accountability, particularly regarding Baltimore City officials.
“Do I trust the Baltimore City public school board to do it right? No I don’t! Do I trust the Mayor of Baltimore City to spend the money right? I absolutely do not!” Cassilly said. “It’s our job to account for this money. Do I trust them? No! I’m perfectly happy to spend the money this year that’s allocated in this bill, I’m happy to do that, you won’t get my opposition to that, my problem is the mandate in the future years, because I don’t trust it to be done right and that’s the problem we run into.”
Sen. Joan Carter Conway, D-Baltimore City, who chairs the Education, Health and Environmental Affairs Committee, was outraged by Cassilly’s remarks.
“I’m insulted because of all the other jurisdictions that are in this bill and you’re absolutely correct; Baltimore City is in it, but Baltimore City is not the only one, so I am just insulted that you trust every jurisdiction in the state, with exception of Baltimore City,” Conway said.