Maryland trial judges pay is 43rd worst in nation

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By Megan Poinski

A gavel.When adjusted for cost of living, Maryland’s judges are some of the worst paid in the nation, according to a study from the National Center for State Courts.

The study, released last week, ranks trial court judges’ adjusted salaries at 43rd in the nation.

“That sounds about right,” said Elizabeth Buck, the chairwoman of the Maryland Judicial Compensation Commission. “Pathetic, that’s what it is.”

The annual survey of judicial salaries compares salaries in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. Looking at raw dollar figures, Maryland’s judges’ pay across the board is in the top 40% of the nation. However, those dollars don’t go quite as far with the state’s high cost of living.

Current judicial salaries are:
·      $162,352 for Court of Appeals judges, making them the 17th best paid high court judges. The chief judge is paid $181,352. But adjusted for cost of living in Maryland, those salaries are equivalent to $129,944 and $145,151.
·      $149,552 for Court of Special Appeals judges, earning a ranking as the 15th best paid intermediate appellate judges. The chief judge makes $152,552. Adjusted for cost of living, those salaries are $119,700 and $122,100.
·      $140,352 for Circuit Court judges, earning a ranking as the 17th best paid trial court judges in the nation. However, with cost of living factored in, that paycheck is equivalent to $112,336.

District Court judges were not included in the survey, but they are paid $127,252. Adjusted for cost of living, that is $101,850.

The seven-member Judicial Compensation Commission meets every few years to make salary recommendations to the General Assembly based on cost of living, workloads, expertise, attractiveness, and salaries in nearby jurisdictions. The General Assembly can reject the recommendation, reduce it, or accept it. Because of tight finances, Maryland’s judges have not had a raise since 2008.

In the commission’s last report, submitted to the General Assembly in late 2009, they recommended a $39,858 increase for all judges, phased in over a four-year period. The recommendation was rejected, and salaries stayed the same. Buck said this was presented during the 2010 legislative session, where layoffs and furloughs were occurring throughout government.

“They understood the need. They just didn’t have the money,” Buck said.

The Judicial Compensation Commission will start meeting again this fall to come up with new salary recommendations for the General Assembly’s 2012 legislative session. Buck said they always take their time to look at all aspects of a judge’s job to come up with fair compensation – including how far Maryland has fallen in nationwide judicial salary rankings.

Buck said that while Maryland has many needs, the state must increase its judicial salaries. Some new law school grads are making as much as judges at their first jobs at big firms, she said. Other bright legal minds may just opt to start private firms instead of pursuing – or continuing – careers on the bench.

“We can’t do that in Maryland,” she said. “The dockets would just back up, and it would be horrific.”

About The Author

Len Lazarick

Len Lazarick was the founding editor and publisher of and is currently the president of its nonprofit corporation and chairman of its board He was formerly the State House bureau chief of the daily Baltimore Examiner from its start in April 2006 to its demise in February 2009. He was a copy editor on the national desk of the Washington Post for eight years before that, and has spent decades covering Maryland politics and government.

1 Comment

  1. Richard Baldwin Cook

    The fast track to the bench in Maryland is to be a relative of a politician – which has nothing to do with having a “bright legal mind” as the article touts. 

    And I am not even counting the alcoholics and actual criminals on the bench – like the judge who dangerously deflated the tire of a courthouse cleaning worker, who parked too close to the judge’s own parking space. Judges do not discipline judges – that is the most important rule of Judicial ethics around here.

    But back to the fast track: currently, both the daughter of the then-serving state AG (and wife of the current governor) and, now, the son of the President of the Senate have been appointed to the District Court Bench. This last appointment was made over the objections on the Judicial Appointments Commission that ruled Mr Miller III was unqualified. The governor simply re-jiggered the committee to get a friendlier result. To hell with the three lawyers, who risked their careers to object to Mike Miller III’s lack of qualifications.

    Only a single state senator of either party voted against Mike Miller III’s appointment.

    Andy Harris.

    Where were the rest of our stalwart, ethical Senators – even the GOP’ers, claim to be watchdogs for waste and corruption. 

    Congrats to the politicians, who have Putinized both the appointments and the compensation processes. The 7-member Maryland Judicial Compensation Commission is appointed by the Governor, with the Senate Pres, recommending two – while both of these office holders have close relatives on the bench. We ought to be shocked, naturally, that the Commission is recommending raises across the board.

    Why should Marylanders pay more for this sad result? 

    Isn’t a million dollars over 10 years, to each family, enough to the Martin O’Malley family and Mike Miller clan?  

    Isn’t a million bucks reward enough for being obviously connected rather than obviously competent? 

    Isn’t the coming fat pension reward enough?

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