Gov. O’Malley touts low taxes as he calls special session to raise them

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By Len Lazarick

From left: Senate President Mike Miller, House Speaker Michael Busch, Gov. Martin OMalley, Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown announcing special session.

From left: Senate President Mike Miller, House Speaker Michael Busch, Gov. Martin OMalley, Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown announcing special session.

Maryland has some of the lowest taxes in the country, Gov. Martin O’Malley said Wednesday officially announcing plans to call a special session of the legislature to fix a budget impasse — partially by raising taxes.

Maryland has “the third lowest state and local taxes as a share of income,” O’Malley said, partially because residents have some of the highest incomes in the nation.

The state has “the ninth lowest sales tax,” he said, a figure he’s cited several times this year as he’s proposed applying the sales tax to gasoline. Also, it has the eighth lowest business taxes on mature firms and the 12th lowest rate on investments in new firms.

How can this be, when Senate Republican Leader E.J. Pipkin lambasts O’Malley as “tax-happy?”

“According to the American Tax Foundation, the citizens of Maryland already bear the brunt of the nation’s fourth heaviest tax burden,” Pipkin said in a release Wednesday.

Similar sources, different conclusions

Surprisingly, according to the governor’s press office, O’Malley and Pipkin rely on some of the same sources for their information, including the Tax Foundation, a longstanding tax-adverse group whose data is frequently used to berate Maryland for its high taxes and bad business climate.

O’Malley’s reference to “third lowest state and local taxes as a share of income” comes from the Tax Policy Center, a joint venture of the Urban Institute and the Brookings Institutions. For 2004-2009, it ranks Maryland 49th in state and local “general revenue as a percentage of personal income.”

The Tax Foundation calculates the number differently than the Tax Policy Center and ranks Maryland as 12th highest in the nation for state and local taxes as a percentage of state income.

In the Tax Foundation calculations, Virginia ranks 33rd; Pennsylvania, 10th; Delaware, 23rd; D.C. is 24th, and West Virginia, 27th. But the percentages cover a very limited range with Maryland taxes at 10% of personal income (tied with Massachusetts); Pennsylvania is at 10.1%, and Virginia is at 9.1%. The state with the highest tax burden is New Jersey at 12.2%.

Taxes per capita

According to the tax foundation, Maryland fairs much worse on tax burden per capita, coming in 5th at $5,218 for every person in the state. Virginia is 13th at $4,392; Pennsylvania, 15th, $4,190; Delaware, 17th, $4,091; D.C. is 3rd, $6,076; and West Virginia is 44th, $3,034. The Tax Policy Institute ranks Maryland 10th in tax collections per capita (again a slightly different number).

In its annual State Business Climate index published in January, the Tax Foundation does indeed show Maryland with the 9th lowest sales tax. But that is part of a chart that ranks Maryland among the 10 worst states for business climate. In this year’s chart Maryland moved up to 42nd place from 44th place last year “due mostly to the expiration of the state’s ‘millionaire’s tax’ on high-income earners,” said Tax Foundation economist Mark Robyn.

In a separate, more detailed analysis of state taxes on business, the Tax Foundation does rank Maryland 8th in its overall taxes on “mature firms.” Another study by the Ernst & Young accounting and consulting firm ranks Maryland 12th in the country on the effective tax rate on new investments in selected industries.

Calculating taxes on new firms in a very different way, the Tax Foundation ranks Maryland 46th in the country on taxes paid by new firms – fifth from the bottom. Maryland comes in dead last on what used to be big enterprises here – capital-intensive industries such as steel plants.

New Maryland rates among highest in country

But in the end, because the House of Delegates won’t go along with a broader tax increase backed by the state Senate, the new tax rates will raise about $250 million for the next fiscal year, retroactive to Jan. 1.

Single taxpayers having taxable income from $150,000 to $500,000 and joint taxpayers with incomes from $225,000 to $500,000 will see the biggest rate hike, 0.5% — figures 10% higher than their current rates. Exemptions in those brackets will also be cut, which will provide $31 million in additional revenues to the counties as well.

Combining the new rates with the top local piggy back rates of 3.2% would bring Maryland top rates to almost 9%, putting it among the top 10 states for its state and local income tax rates.

  • Meplath

    Oh taxes are too low!  They must be raised or modernized or reformed or whatever the current word is.

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  • Asdf

    den of thieves

  • parrotisla

    O’malley is smoking Crack

  • Whcampbell

    Too Low!  The only thing that is too low is the Democratic Leadership’s low opinion of the citizens they were elected to serve.  Many taxpayers and small business people are holding on to financail solvency by their fingernails.  Perhaps their collective IQ’s are too low to understand that raising the income tax rate 0.25% is actually a 5% tax increase, and a 0.50% rate increase is a 10% tax increase.  With all the other tax and fee increases I cannot grow my business, or hire employees.  Messers O’Malley, Miller and Busch surely would flunk a rudimentary financial literacy test.  If a 1% budget shortfall is equated to “doomsday”, what will they do when the Federal government cuts their budget?  Maryland gets almost 30% of its revenue directly from Uncle Sam.  Add all of the Federal employees, contractors, retirees, et al and it is a scenario with a very unhappy ending.  If “Los Tres Amigos” cannot handle a minor budgetary issue.  What will they do in really tough times.  Oh wait a minute, O’Malley won’t be in office.

    • Dale McNamee

       You wrote :” If “Los Tres Amigos” cannot handle a minor budgetary issue.  What will
      they do in really tough times.  Oh wait a minute, O’Malley won’t be in

      True, but Miller & Busch will still be thee, re-elected time & time again. Hopefully, the fanatsy land of Maryland, government & voters will get the shock of their lives
      .It’ll be fun to watch !

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  • Hungrypirana

    O’Malley’s statistics are a non sequitur
    within the framework of his proposal to raise taxes, and his assertion that Maryland
    has some of the lowest taxes in the country is objectively untrue.


    He cites the statistic “general
    revenue as a percentage of personal income” which measures the cost
    of government in terms of the income of the average Marylander. But O’Malley
    isn’t proposing to raise tax on average income—he wants to hike taxes beginning
    at $150k ($225k if married), putting the brunt of the burden on the middle


    If E.J. Pipkin or any Republican or Democrat
    in the General Assembly (GA) represents the middle class, then they must oppose
    O’Malley’s middle-class tax increase, or negotiate something in exchange for
    its imposition.


    In exchange for a tax increase of whatever
    proportion, has Mr. Pipkin ever thought of negotiating into law a requirement
    consistent with The Government Finance Officers
    Association recommendation that governments calculate the full cost of the
    different services they provide and benchmark such costs to assess their objective


    I’m not naive….Maryland’s middle class
    will see a (retroactive) tax increase this year because there are too many
    losers in the GA. I just want us to get something in exchange for what’s

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  • HUMPTY DUMPTY HAD A GREAT FALL, OMalleys new mantra as Marylander’s continue to flee and business are moving out.  The number now is over 4000 business’s under his Socialist Regime, and to top if off, he has violated his oath of office and is a Criminal.  I am the only one in Maryland taking this criminal on face to face.  None of the Media will report on it because they are to skeered.  Ah, but alas, over 100 calls to ICE last week for his violations of the Laws.   The man must be removed from office as Maryland My Maryland continues to fall under Sanctuary Status.  Why do you think all the taxes are being raised?  It’s to support his NEW AMERICANS for which Maryland tax payers shell out 2 billion annually to support them all the while he continues for fund Criminal Organization Casa De Maryland who gets money at the Fed Level and County level.  He is clueless and has no regard for the law.  On the brightside, if her were to run for President in 2016, according to the latest Iowa Caucus figures, he would only get 1 percent, we have discredited him nationally as he continues show his his inability to run a state.  

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  • JacKib311

    Martin O’Malley = The “Anti-Christ”

  • Pingback: Maryland is too reliant on income taxes, one group says | Baltimore Post-Examiner()

  • Smikey

    leaving MD with my 9 person business on dec 11th 2012. see ya