New ‘red flag’ law prompts more than 300 court orders on guns

New ‘red flag’ law prompts more than 300 court orders on guns

A 2013 rally at the State House. From the Guns Across America Maryland Facebook page.

By Natalie Jones

Capital News Service

In the three months since its implementation, Maryland’s “red flag” gun safety law has prompted more than 300 protective orders across the state, law enforcement officials told state lawmakers Tuesday.

In effect since Oct. 1, the Maryland Extreme Risk Protective Order — also known by the acronym ERPO — or “red flag” law is a court-issued civil order that temporarily requires an individual posing an immediate danger or threat to surrender their firearms and ammunition to law enforcement. It also prohibits the individual — or respondent — from purchasing or possessing firearms or ammunition while in effect, according to the Maryland Courts website.

The petition for the order asks for details concerning the respondent’s risk of danger to themselves or others, their behaviors, and their firearms — and is then filed with a District Court.

Petitioners able to request orders in Maryland include spouses and intimate partners, family members, law enforcement officers or medical professionals who have examined the respondent.

From Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 302 petitions have been filed across the state, with Anne Arundel, Harford and Baltimore counties having the most orders, said Montgomery County Sheriff Darren Popkin.

Since going into effect, use of the law has alleviated concerns that it was just an “inappropriate gun grab,” and has “saved lives,” said Del. Geraldine Valentino-Smith, D-Prince George’s, one of the bill’s initial sponsors.

When the order is terminated or expires, the respondent may request return of their firearms and ammunition, provided they’re not otherwise prohibited from possessing them.

Opposition to the law

Still, organizations promoting gun owners’ rights in Maryland have expressed their opposition to the law, even before it was signed and placed into effect.

In a letter written by Maryland Shall Issue, an organization dedicated to the preservation of gun owners’ rights, the group’s president, Mark Pennak, urged Gov. Larry Hogan to veto the bill last year, stating that it was “a grossly illegal, partisan attack on gun ownership in Maryland.”

Hogan signed the bill on April 24.

A majority of the “red flag” orders in Maryland were filed by family members or household members, primarily about mental health concerns, with others being placed by law enforcement officials or health professionals, Popkin said.

“Orders are not only being issued appropriately, but are also saving lives,” Popkin said.

After high school shootings in Florida and Maryland prompted conversations about gun safety in early 2018, it was decided that the petitions can be filed against a minor.

At least five of the orders have been school-related threats, with four being significant enough to seize firearms, Popkin said.

There was no “red flag” process in Maryland before this law went into effect Oct. 1, and Valentino-Smith said she supports re-evaluating the law after its first year.

In November, an armed Anne Arundel County man was fatally shot by county officers during a struggle over a gun while he was being served a red flag order.

“It makes you take a double take and question due process,” said Del. Robin Grammer, R-Baltimore County, commenting on how someone had been fatally shot in the few short months the law has been in place.

Confidentiality rules included with the law do not allow for the disclosure of case details.

In Anne Arundel County, 47 orders have been filed between Oct. 1 and Dec. 31, the highest in the state. This could be due to a greater awareness in the county, Popkin said.

At the Capital Gazette newsroom in Annapolis, Maryland, five staff members were fatally shot in June.

The man charged in the killing had a long-running grudge against the newspaper. He has pleaded not guilty.

About The Author

Capital News Service

kdenny12@umd.edu

Capital News Service is a student-powered news organization run by the University of Maryland Philip Merrill College of Journalism. For 26 years, we have provided deeply reported, award-winning coverage of issues of import to Marylanders. With bureaus in College Park, Annapolis and Washington run by professional journalists with decades of experience, we deliver news in multiple formats via partner news organizations, a destination Web site, a nightly on-air television newscast and affiliated social media channels (including Twitter and Facebook). We provide breaking news coverage, in-depth investigative and enterprise journalism, and serve as a laboratory for students to test and develop innovative new methods of reporting and telling stories. By providing a true newsroom experience to our students, we send them into the job market with real-world skills and the ability to shape the future of journalism. Only Merrill’s most motivated students are accepted into the Capital News Service program, and they go on to land internships and jobs at the nation’s finest news organizations: The New York Times, the Washington Post, CNN, the Associated Press, Politico, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, ProPublica, National Geographic, NBC News, The Dallas Morning News, the Washington City Paper, Washingtonian magazine, Money magazine, the Wall Street Journal and more.

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