Probation caseloads taken out of context, division chief says

Here is a response from the Division of Parole and Probation to Tuesday’s article, “Probation officers are stretched too thin.”


Tuesday’s article takes out of context the average caseload size of Maryland’s Parole and Probation agents. It also neglects to discuss Division of Parole & Probation’s (DPP) overall approach to supervising offenders.

Maryland supervises offenders based on risk level. In general, it places offenders in three different caseload categories – sexual offenders, the most violent offenders, and general offenders. DPP prioritizes its agent resources based on the need to supervise sexual offenders and the most violent offenders first. These two groups need the most intensive supervision, and these caseloads average at or below 30 per agent.

Through the Violence Prevention Initiative (VPI), Maryland uses evidence-based risk assessment tools to indentify the most violent offenders – convicted of violent and gun crimes – most likely to recommit a violent crime. This population averages around 2,100 and DPP places them under the strictest supervision model used by Maryland. These cases are supervised by specialized VPI agents with caseloads that average about 26 across counties where we supervise the VPI population. In Baltimore, where the largest majority of the VPI population exists, DPP saw a 25% decrease in homicides and 15% decrease in non-fatal shootings of the offenders it supervises from FY2009 to FY2010.

For sexual offenders, DPP applies an enhanced supervision model utilizing law enforcement, judicial, treatment and victim advocacy experts. Called Collaborative Offender Management Enforced Treatment (COMET), this very strict supervision includes computer monitoring, polygraph examinations and GPS monitoring of offenders. Maryland’s sex offender DPP agents are highly trained and specialized. Their caseloads average about 30 in the counties where we supervise this population. Of this population, less than .03% commit a new sexual offense.

By contrast, the average caseload of an agent supervising general population cases (made up of mostly moderate to low-risk offenders) is today about 145. While the large majority of these cases are for non-violent offenders, our agents prioritize case management focusing first on their higher risk offenders. And although these average levels will not get much higher, they do become smaller based on agent attrition levels at any given time.

In FY2011, DPP hired 61 new agents. This November, 40 more will begin to come online through our DPP Agent Academy. An additional academy will launch in the spring of 2012. Maryland has been able to keep specialized caseloads low, and keep general caseloads to a manageable number, in-part because in 2008 the O’Malley-Brown Administration added $3.1 million to DPP’s budget to hire approximately 140 agents — positions which had gone unfunded for years prior to 2007. Today, those positions remain funded.

Utilizing technology, effective, evidence-based containment methods on high-risk offender populations, and specialized training for DPP agents is how the Division of Parole and Probation has helped to drive down our state’s violent crime rate by double-digits in two out of the last three years. This is how we will continue to protect public safety in Maryland.


Patricia A. Vale
Acting Director, Maryland Division of Parole and Probation

About The Author

Len Lazarick

Len Lazarick was the founding editor and publisher of and is currently the president of its nonprofit corporation and chairman of its board He was formerly the State House bureau chief of the daily Baltimore Examiner from its start in April 2006 to its demise in February 2009. He was a copy editor on the national desk of the Washington Post for eight years before that, and has spent decades covering Maryland politics and government.

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