Today, agricultural machinery is widespread and popular among private farms: even a medium-sized farm is hard to imagine without powerful machinery. To use it correctly, you need to understand how much tractor horsepower your farm needs.
Modern technologies provide for the minimization of human labor when performing agricultural work. Essential tractor specifications include its power which can be compared in different models at https://www.tractor-specs.net/.
The main demand is for tractors in the 300 to 370 hp segment of classic layout and wheeled with an articulated frame from 430 to 570 hp. Tractors aggregated with modern additional complexes allow achieving maximum productivity and fuel economy per 1 hectare.
When High Power Is Important?
The power of the tractor itself in each specific farm is chosen depending on:
- the area of ??the cultivated fields;
- structure of the lands;
- cultivated crops;
- the presence of other branches of production on the farm;
- the type of land cultivation.
The most profitable can be considered the classic technology (plowing). At the same time, you need to remember about the energy load per 1 m of the working width of the complex or combined unit. For example, a 4-6 meter working width may require a tractor with a capacity of up to 220 hp.
To cultivate the soil using no-till and mini-till, which, as a rule, presupposes a considerable size of fields, seeding complexes with a working width of 12 m and more are required, which are aggregated with powerful tractors. Therefore, farmers using this technology prefer tractors of heavy classes from 350 hp.
The farmer decides on which scheme to cultivate the soil and what tractor power to use, based on the potential yield that can be obtained in a particular climatic zone.
When High Power Is Not Needed?
A powerful productive tractor is the main equipment in agriculture. However, such productive machinery is not needed in such cases:
- Small area. If a powerful tractor is over 350 hp with a wide-grip implement (for example, an 18 m seeder) is used in a small area (with a run length of up to 1,000 m), it will leave too large headland, waste time on frequent turns and consume extra fuel.
- Simple work. Modern mini tractors are designed for most basic tasks in agriculture and utilities. Unless you plan on plowing a giant field with a big plow all day, you don’t need a heavy machine with high power.
- Cramped space. Don’t forget: the more powerful the tractor, the bigger it is. In some cases, this can only harm (for example, in greenhouses or livestock). For comfortable maneuvers between trees in the garden, it is better to purchase a compact machine with a lower power engine.
The engine power directly affects the nominal tractive effort of the tractor — this is the characteristic on which the traction capabilities of the machine depend. New technologies allow manufacturers to upgrade their equipment and create more powerful tractors.