By Meg Tully
State budget officials do not know how many state employees will qualify for medical coverage under the federal Affordable Care Act, or how much it will cost to comply with provisions beginning Jan. 1.
That number could be as high as $88 million for Maryland government, according to an analysis presented Tuesday by the Department of Legislative Services. The analysis showed the cost could dip to $20 million or lower if the state decides to pay a penalty instead of subsidizing coverage.
But in any case it is extremely unlikely the number would be as high as $88 million, said Anne Timmons, director of employee benefits for the Department of Budget & Management.
“That’s a worst-case scenario,” Timmons said.
State unsure of how many would be covered
The Department of Budget & Management plans to conduct an analysis in the next four to six months of the number of workers who will qualify and the cost of the state’s different options, she said.
As of Jan. 1, 2014, the act requires all employers with more than 50 employees to offer health care subsidies for all those who work at least 30 hours per week. If employers choose not to do so, they will have the option of paying an annual penalty instead, ranging from $2,000 to $3,000 per employee.
Because of the way the state government tracks part-time workers, it is unclear how many employees will qualify for the new benefits. The state tracks contractual employees by using a full-time equivalent standard – so two part-time employees working 20 hours a week would qualify as one full-time equivalent. The state of Maryland has just under 10,000 full-time equivalent contractual positions.
“This is helpful for total effort, but it doesn’t give you much detail about what the composition of the workforce is,” legislative budget analyst Patrick Frank told the Senate Budget & Taxation Committee Tuesday.
State offers health insurance, but doesn’t subsidize it
The state’s numbers don’t reveal how many employees work more than 30 hours per week, or how many are seasonal employees, he said.
But assuming there are about 10,000 employees who qualify, it would cost $88 million to provide a health care insurance subsidy of $9,000, the average state employee health insurance subsidy. If the state chose to pay the penalty fee instead, it would be as much as $20 million, the analysis stated.
Under the current system, contractual employees are allowed to enroll in the state’s plan, but the state does not provide any subsidy. The Affordable Care Act requires that the employee cost of health care coverage not exceed 9.5 percent of their earnings.
The state now needs to consider if it will subsidize contractual employees’ plans at the same rate as state employees, at a lower rate, or pay penalties instead, Timmons said.
Budget secretary balks at 50-position limit
Another issue that the Senate Budget & Taxation Committee will need to consider is how many positions the state is allowed to create after the fiscal year begins.
The Board of Public Works is allowed to create some new positions after the fiscal year starts, to allow for some flexibility. For the last three years, it has been allowed to create up to 100 new positions.
As part of Tuesday’s briefing on the Department of Budget and Management’s budget, legislative analyst Frank recommended that the state limit the number of positions to 50. From 2005 to 2009, the limit was 50, but was increased to 100 as the state battled fiscal challenges.
“We’re back to normal again, or at least close to normal,” he said, adding that there is now turnover and vacancies.
But budget secretary Eloise Foster said the 100-position cap should remain. The state created 77 new positions last year to provide lottery agency oversight of new gambling activities and to implement Maryland’s health exchange program, she said.
“Having a cap of 100 really just gives the department the flexibility that we need to respond to unforeseen circumstances that come up throughout the year,” Foster said.